News

News

Information to be transmitted to international researchers – EURAXESS

featured image

Due to the pandemic situation linked to the progression of covid-19, the French authorities decided on a lockdown period from March 16 to May 11, 2020.

From Monday, May 11, the country enters a period of gradual end of lockdown.

France is divided into red and green departments according to the following map: https://www.gouvernement.fr/info-coronavirus/carte-et-donnees.

Reminder of the main measures valid from May 11, 2020:

MOBILITY

  • The certificate of derogatory movement is no longer required to leave your home. The exit time is no longer limited, however gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.
  • Wearing a mask is highly recommended in public spaces and compulsory in public transport (bus, metro, tram, train, etc.).
  • Travel is authorized within a 100 km radius of the home or also within the same department without limitation of distance.
  • Beyond 100 km, a special authorization is required based on a compelling professional or family reason.
  • European and international borders remain closed for the time being.

EVERYDAY LIFE

  • Stores and shopping centers are opening again little by little (except restrictions in Ile-de-France): it is strongly recommended to wear a mask and imperative to respect the safety distance between each customer.
  • Places of worship are open from May 11, but ceremonies prohibited.
  • Practicing sport outside is authorized.
  • Libraries and media libraries, small museums are open. Other cultural places (large museums, cinemas, theaters, opera houses, etc.) remain closed.
  • The parks and gardens are open in the green departments.
  • Bars, cafes and restaurants remain closed for the time being.

FAMILY-CHILDREN

  • The nurseries open their doors from Monday 11 May but only welcome 10 children per group.
  • The opening of nursery and primary schools starts from May 11 gradually, on the basis of family volunteering. Each academy defines its rules according to the precise local situation.
  • Middle schools will be open from May 18 in the green zones and from June 2 in the red zones.
  • High schools and universities will remain closed until September 2020.

PROFESSIONAL LIFE

As far as possible, remote work from home is recommended until further notice.

Ask your host establishment and your laboratory manager for more information.

Ordinance on the extension of residence permits

featured image

The ordinance for the extension of residence permits
was published in the JORF of 26/03/20 (Ordinance No. 2020-328 of 25 March 2020 extending the period of validity of residence documents).

The following documents which would expire between 16 March and 15 May 2020 are extended by 90 days (3 months) and not by 180 days as indicated by the Law (6 months) :
1° Long-stay visa ;
2° Residence permits, with the exception of those issued to foreign diplomatic and consular staff ;
3° Provisional residence permits;
4° Receipts of applications for residence permits;
5° Asylum application certificates.

It is therefore an automatic extension with maintenance of social rights and the right to work. Be careful however, this period of only 90 days is likely to complicate making an appointment at the prefecture.

The state of health emergency in France is official

featured image

Article 3 of Decree No. 2020-293 of 23 March 2020 prescribing the general measures necessary to deal with the covid-19 epidemic within the framework of :

I. – Until 31 March 2020, any movement of persons outside their homes is prohibited except for travel for the following reasons, avoiding any gathering of people :

1° Journeys between the home and the place(s) where the professional activity is carried out and professional journeys that cannot be postponed ;

2° Trips to make purchases of supplies necessary for the professional activity and purchases of basic necessities in establishments whose activities remain authorized by Article 8 of this decree;

3° Travel for health reasons, with the exception of consultations and care that can be provided at a distance and, except for patients suffering from a long-term illness, those that can be postponed;

4° Travel for compelling family reasons, for the assistance of vulnerable persons and for the care of children;

5° Short journeys, within the limit of one hour per day and within a maximum radius of one kilometre around the home, related either to the individual physical activity of the persons, excluding any collective sporting practice and any proximity with other persons, or to walking with only the persons grouped together in the same home, or for the needs of pets;

6° Travel resulting from an obligation to report to the national police or gendarmerie services or to any other service or professional, imposed by the administrative police authority or the judicial authority ;

7° Travel resulting from a summons issued by an administrative court or judicial authority;

8° Travel for the sole purpose of participating in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority and under the conditions it specifies.

An identity document and a dated and signed authorization are required. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe advises that the exit time should be written on the document.

These restrictions are valid in metropolitan France and in all overseas departments and territories.

Article 5 of the same decree: Travel between metropolitan France and the DROM-COMs is suspended until 15 April 2020 unless justified by :

  • compelling reasons of a personal or family nature;
  • health reasons related to an emergency;
  • professional reasons that cannot be postponed.

Persons wishing to benefit from one of these exceptions must present to the air carrier at the time of boarding one or more documents justifying the reason for the journey accompanied by a declaration on honour of that reason.

Emergency legislation to deal with the covid epidemic-19

featured image

Summary of the emergency health law adopted on 22/03/20, to be published in the Official Journal of 23/03/20…

Résumé de la loi d’urgence sanitaire adoptée le 22/03/20, à paraître au Journal Officiel du 23/03/20…

Adoption of the text

On March 19, 2020, the Senate passed the bill. On 21 March 2020, the National Assembly in turn passed the bill. On 22 March 2020, a joint committee, composed of 7 deputies and 7 senators, met to reach agreement on a final version of the text.

On 22 March 2020, Parliament adopted the emergency bill to deal with the covid-19 epidemic. A two-month « state of health emergency » throughout the country is established as soon as the law comes into force (published in the JORF on 23/03/20).

A new legal framework

This law establishes a « sanitary » state of emergency system, alongside the common law state of emergency provided for by the law of 3 April 1955. It is a question of « strengthening the legal bases » on which has been the basis of the measures taken so far to manage the Covid-19 outbreak.

This new state of health emergency may concern part or all of the territory (including overseas territories) « in the event of a health disaster endangering, by its nature and extent, the health and safety of the population ».

It is declared by a decree in the Council of Ministers, based on the report of the Minister of Health. The available scientific data on the health situation which motivated the decision are made public.

Its extension beyond one month must be authorized by a law, which determines its duration.

Within the framework of this state of emergency, the Prime Minister may, by decree and/or order, take general measures limiting the freedom to come and go, the freedom of movement of persons, the freedom of the press and the freedom of the media.

and freedom of assembly and allowing for the requisitioning of any necessary goods and services and for deciding on temporary price control measures. Such measures may include home containment measures.

The Minister responsible for health may, by order, determine other general measures and individual measures. Prefects may be empowered to take local

enforcement actions. All such measures must be proportionate to the risks involved.

When a state of public health emergency is declared, « a committee of scientists » shall be convened immediately. This Committee shall periodically make public its opinion on the measures taken under the emergency.

A series of exceptional measures

Economic emergency measures

The Government is empowered to take, by ordinance, within three months, any measure to deal with the economic, financial and social consequences of the crisis.

of the spread of the epidemic in order to prevent and limit the cessation of activity of natural and legal persons engaged in economic activity.

Examples of measures :

– Authorisation for companies « particularly necessary » for the security of the nation or the continuity of economic and social life to derogate from the rules of order.

and to the conventional stipulations relating to working hours, weekly rest and Sunday rest.

– facilitating the use of partial activity

– temporary suspension of the waiting day in the event of sick leave for the duration of the state of health emergency

– adaptation of the rules for the filing and processing of administrative declarations

– subject to an enterprise or branch agreement, an employer may impose or modify the dates on which part of the paid leave is taken, up to a limit of six days. The company’s business activities do not require the use of the so-called « advance notice » periods to inform the persons concerned.

For very small companies without staff representatives, employees will be able to be consulted directly by their employer. (Cf. order n°2017-1385 of 22 September 2017 relating to the strengthening of collective bargaining).

The employer may unilaterally impose or modify the dates of days of reduced working hours, rest days provided for in package agreements and rest days allocated to the employee’s time savings account, without prior notice.

Restriction of civil liberties

Example of possible measures :

prohibition of the movement of persons and vehicles; prohibition of persons from leaving their homes, subject to travel that is strictly necessary for family or health needs; order measures for the implementation of the quarantine of persons likely to be infected; order measures to place and keep infected persons in isolation; order the temporary closure of one or more categories of establishments open to the public and of meeting places, with the exception of establishments providing essential goods or services; limit or prohibit gatherings on the public highway and meetings of any kind; order the requisitioning of all goods and services necessary to combat the health disaster; take temporary measures to control the prices of certain products necessary to prevent or correct the tensions observed on the market for these products; take any measure allowing patients to be provided with appropriate medicines for the eradication of the health disaster; take by decree any other regulatory measure restricting the freedom of enterprise.

Warning: On 22/03/2020, the Council of State, ruling in summary proceedings, called for a more restrictive confinement. The government has 48 hours to modify its measures. According to the Council of State, total confinement is not conceivable in the present state, because it could have "serious consequences for the health of the population" and it would also require home catering which could not be "organized throughout the national territory, given the means at the disposal of the administration". The Conseil d'Etat adds that the maintenance of certain professions, such as in the medical field, implies the "continuation of certain essential activities on which they depend. »
The magistrates of the Council of State are asking the
government to tighten the "ambiguous" scope of the authorisations
granted to the confined population. The government must specify the degree of
urgency for which a person will be allowed to travel. (Jogging and open markets
are in the Council of State's sights).
The government has until Tuesday evening to follow the
injunctions of the Council of State.
As a reminder, according to Decree No. 2020-260 of 16 March 2020 regulating travel as part of the fight against the spread of the covid virus19 :
In order to prevent the spread of the covid-19 virus, it is forbidden until 31 March 2020 to move any person outside his or her home, except for the following reasons, in compliance with general measures to prevent the spread of the virus and avoiding any gathering of people:
1° Journeys between the home and the place(s) where the professional activity is carried out and professional journeys that cannot be postponed;

2° Travel to make purchases of supplies necessary for the professional activity and purchases of basic necessities in establishments whose activities remain authorised by order of the Minister for Health issued on the basis of the provisions of Article L. 3131-1 of the Public Health Code;

3° Travel for health reasons ;

4° Displacements for compelling family reasons, for the assistance of vulnerable persons or for childcare;

5° Short trips, close to home, related to the individual physical activity of persons, excluding any collective sports practice, and to the needs of the pets;

6° Travel resulting from an obligation of presentation to the national police or gendarmerie services or to any other service or professional, imposed by the administrative police authority or the judicial authority ;
7° Travel resulting from a summons issued by an administrative court or judicial authority;

8° Travel for the sole purpose of participating in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority and under the conditions it specifies.

Persons wishing to benefit from one of these exceptions must, when travelling away from home, carry a document enabling them to justify that the journey in question falls within the scope of one of these exceptions.

– Immigration

Foreigners:

The government is also authorised to extend by ordinance the period of validity of the residence documents issued to foreigners (residence permit, certificate of asylum application…) which expire between 16 March and 15 May 2020, up to a maximum of six months.

Article 16 of the State of Health Emergency Act: Under the conditions laid down in Article 38 of the Constitution, the Government is authorised, within one month of the publication of this Act, to take by ordinance any measure falling within the scope of the Act to extend the period of validity of long-stay visas, residence permits, provisional residence permits, receipts for applications for residence permits and certificates of asylum applications which expired between 16 March and 15 May 2020, up to a limit of one hundred and eighty days.

It is therefore necessary to wait for the ordinance. For the time being, for any residence permit which would expire as of 16/03/2020, automatic extension of 3 months,

maintenance of social rights and the right to work.

French expatriates :

By way of derogation, French expatriates who returned to France between March 1, 2020 and June 1, 2020 and who are not in employment are affiliated to the health and maternity insurance without being subject to a waiting period. The terms and conditions of application of this Article may be specified by decree.

As a reminder: the prefectural reception services for foreigners remain closed until further notice.

The external borders of the European area and the Schengen area are closed from 17 March 2020 and for 30 days.

The persons authorized, with their spouse and children, to enter the national territory in order to reach their residence are the following:

– French citizens;

– citizens of the European Union;

– nationals of the Schengen area;

– United Kingdom nationals

– nationals of other countries who have their permanent residence in France

In order for foreign nationals on mobility outside France to be able to return to French territory as soon as air links are re-established, they need a valid residence permit. Holders of a VLS-TS must have already validated it online and have already entered French territory.

Holders of a VLS « carte de séjour à solliciter dans les deux mois suivant votre arrivée » (« residence permit to be applied for within two months of your arrival ») can normally return to France even if they have not yet received their residence permit and even if they have not started the procedures at the prefecture, as long as they have already entered French territory.

Beware of the internal borders of the Schengen area (Schengen borders).

Some EU Member States have closed their borders while others only allow border crossings in specific cases. To be specified on a case-by-case basis.

– Sanctions

Any violation of the prohibitions or obligations shall be punishable by a fine of EUR 135.In the event of a repeat offence within 15 days, the fine may range from 1,500 to 3,000 euros. If the violations are repeated more than three times within 30 days, the offences are punishable by six months’ imprisonment and a fine of EUR 3,750 and an additional penalty of community service.

Visa applications are suspended

featured image

All visa applications (Schengen visas, short stay visas, long stay visas for France, visas for overseas territories) are suspended.

Visa applications already submitted and applications for which an appointment has already been made are also suspended.

Appointments will be postponed to a later date.

Press release Prefecture / residence documents

featured image


Paris, March 16, 2020


PRESS RELEASE

In order to secure the presence on the territory of legal aliens, and to avoid any questioning of rights in a health context that does not allow prefectures to process their applications under normal conditions, the validity period of several residence documents will be extended.

In view of the health context linked to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, the reception of applicants for residence permits in prefectures is suspended until further notice.

In order to secure the presence on the territory of foreigners in a legal situation and to avoid any questioning of the rights conferred on them by the residence document they hold, in particular the right to work and the benefit of social rights, the validity of the following documents, which would expire on 16 March, will be extended by three months:

  • long-stay visas ;
  • residence permits of any kind, with the exception of special residence permits issued to foreign diplomatic and consular staff;
  • provisional residence permits;
  • asylum application certificates;
  • receipts for applications for residence permits.

This measure is applicable on national territory.

Foreign nationals holding an expired permit benefiting from this extension are advised not to leave French territory, as they may encounter difficulties in re-entering French territory.



Procedure to be followed for Chinese nationals under the authority of Préfecture de Police of Paris (75)

featured image

If your visa or residence permit expires and you cannot go home because of the coronavirus, you can contact the following Euraxess Parisian/francilian centres:

Access Paris Centre (located at the Cité internationale Universitaire de Paris),

Access Paris-Est (Cité Descartes and Créteil)

Access Paris-Nord (University of Paris 8)

Access Paris-Nord (Cergy Paris University)

Euraxess Centre of Paris-Sud (Science Accueil)

Euraxess Centre of Paris Sciences and Letters

These centres will inform you of the protocol set up by the Préfecture de Police of Paris to allow you to remain in France despite the expiry of your residence permit and until the agreement to return to China.

If you do not depend on the Préfecture de Police of Paris, you can contact your Euraxess Centre, which works in collaboration with the Prefecture of your place of residence or your place of work and will accompany you to find out if a protocol has been set up

Stakeholder Dialogue #EURAXESS

featured image

In Brussels on 22 October, access FnAK was invited to present ALFRED®, its Alumni and Foreign REsearchers Directory, as part of a dialogue with EURAXESS stakeholders. It was a great opportunity to share this good practice with the national Bridgeheads Organisations of the European network.

See attached programme and PowerPoint presentation.

FnAK’s Annual Report 2018

featured image

The FnAK 2018 annual report can be downloaded here. (French)

Today’s young researchers belong to generation Y (or millennial). They were born between 1980 and 2000 and possess qualities that predispose them to research careers: access to information is child’s play for them, they have team spirit, are well educated, motivated and enterprising, as long as the pressure of work can be combined with their many external interests.

In a context where mobility and research stays play an increasingly important role in the lives of researchers, the level of their research team and their professional success will increasingly depend on their participation in large-scale projects. For host institutions, this means valuing their best researchers and their participation in high-level projects, initiating future-oriented research areas, being open to new disciplines and promoting new forms of publication.

Institutional membership and physical presence will lose their importance, to the benefit of job security, equality and independence in the research system. To make an institution more attractive, the resources allocated will of course be decisive. Those who can adopt this new approach will be in the best position to attract the best international talent.

In terms of supporting the scientific career, this paradigm shift is fortunately well understood on both sides of the Atlantic. This is also true for those who belong to the lost generation of scientists, the majority, who will not get a permanent position in research.

However, careers outside academia are just as valuable, and those who supervise doctoral and post-doctoral students must provide them with an exit plan and take responsibility for preparing them to non-academic careers. It is therefore essential for institutions to have data on the number of university jobs available at each level and to indicate a perspective to each departing scientist.

What may indeed seem like a loss for the academic world can still prove to be an enormous gain for society… Thus the surveys carried out in France with doctoral schools on the professional future of doctors (employability, training) must be completed by an approach that favours career development, the attractiveness of the European Research Area and the development of researchers.

There is a real interest in linking the two approaches and developing their complementarity: from thesis preparation to post-doctoral work or even beyond, then from employability to career development and support.

FnAK Observatory 2018 – Les Chercheurs Alumni

featured image

La découverte des chercheurs alumni

En 2015, l’Allemagne lançait la marque  Research in Germany – Land of ideas pour attirer les meilleurs chercheurs internationaux et créer des liens durables avec eux[1].  Cette initiative n’aurait pas été possible sans l’impulsion de Georg Schütte, recruté par le ministère fédéral de l’Éducation et de la Recherche lorsqu’il était secrétaire général de la Fondation Humboldt.  Cette initiative est même l’aboutissement d’une coopération de longue date, ce que résume parfaitement un magazine consacré à la découverte des chercheurs alumni[2].

Presque impensable il y a à peine 20 ans, cette innovation découle évidemment de la très forte contribution des alumni au fonctionnement des universités, démontrée par les Etats-Unis : les chercheurs alumni sont des ambassadeurs de la recherche allemande, un groupe cible distinct à fidéliser.  Pour les deux publics – alumni et chercheurs alumni -, le travail commence dès l’arrivée dans l’établissement.  Il exige des universités qu’elles se développent à la fois en tant que prestataires de formations et de services : c’est là que qu’elles doivent d’abord établir la relation de confiance, avant de pouvoir leur demander de l’aide.

A la différence toutefois des étudiants, sensibles au lien émotionnel ou à la nostalgie envers leur alma mater, les chercheurs alumni attachent davantage d’importance aux avantages clairs apportés à leur travail quotidien avant de rejoindre un réseau alumni.  Pour être attractif auprès d’eux, un agenda haut de gamme  doit leur être proposé, axé sur la recherche et adapté à leurs besoins et intérêts professionnels spécifiques.

Par conséquent, les chercheurs alumni seraient des ambassadeurs idéaux de la France.  A l’issue de leur séjour, à condition naturellement qu’ils aient bénéficié des meilleures conditions d’accueil, leur exposition à l’excellence de notre recherche et leur expérience directe de notre pays leur permet de communiquer leurs connaissances et impressions à un public international.

Ils sont mieux informés et plus authentiques lorsqu’il s’agit de la recherche française et de la promotion de la France comme centre international de recherche de premier plan.  Les relations avec eux sont bien plus spécifiques, car ils peuvent appuyer l’internationalisation de leur université d’accueil qui, quant à elles, peut affiner son profil international et améliorer son positionnement dans la guerre mondiale pour les talents.

Pour les universités, l’investissement est clairement rentable.  Les chercheurs alumni sont en quelque sorte leur visage dans le monde.  Ils ont le pouvoir de rehausser la réputation nationale et internationale et peuvent :

  • apporter un soutien précieux en tant qu’enseignant ou mentor de l’établissement hôte;
  • aider à le positionner dans le monde entier comme un lieu attrayant d’apprentissage et de recherche ;
  • contribuer à optimiser l’enseignement et la recherche par leur critique constructive  et leurs connaissances ;
  • renforcer le réseau de l’université dans le monde des affaires, de la politique, de la science et de la recherche, élargissant et renforçant ainsi sa sphère d’influence ;
  • contribuer également à leurs propres réseaux, facilitant ainsi les contacts avec les donateurs potentiels, les sponsors et les partenaires de collaboration.

La clé pour les alumni est ce sentiment gagnant-gagnant.  La qualité et l’orientation professionnelle d’un réseau sont des facteurs essentiels pour que les chercheurs alumni se joignent à un réseau et s’y sentent fidèles.  Surtout à un moment où l’adhésion à de multiples réseaux alumni est la norme.

Pourtant, alors que presque toutes les universités allemandes impliquées attachent une grande importance au soutien aux chercheurs invités internationaux, les activités entreprises avant et après le séjour de recherche sont rarement ancrées dans les politiques universitaires à un niveau stratégiques.  Les services des relations internationales ou des ressources humaines, généralement chargés de soutenir les chercheurs invités pendant leur séjour à l’université, sont rarement acteurs de la gestion des relations post-visites, bien qu’ils coopèrent fréquemment avec les bureaux alumni.

En France, c’est la même situation qui prévaut.  Or, Ce qui est particulièrement important pour les publics en mobilité au cours de ces phases de leur vie et de leur carrière, ce sont précisément les liens qu’espèrent établir les universités avec eux pour pouvoir développer des relations réciproques.  Autrement dit, la méthode d’accompagnement du cycle de vie des chercheurs alumni, développée Outre-Rhin par la Fondation Humboldt (AvH), paraît applicable en France suivant 5 phases :

Les explorateurs

C’est le séjour en France, les premiers succès dans la recherche, l’immersion dans un groupe de travail ou une institution en France, l’apprentissage du français et des défis liés à la mobilité internationale, les contacts professionnels, connaissances, amitiés et expériences qui marquent une vie, bref : la formation de liens avec la France.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est le temps de l’accueil des chercheurs et de leurs familles via son Centre EURAXESS pour toutes les questions liées à l’arrivée et au séjour, crucial pour l’établissement de liens professionnels et affectifs et l’enregistrement des données personnelles conformément au RGPD[3].

Les fonceurs

C’est le retour dans le pays d’origine ou le séjour dans un autre pays, l’emploi dans un premier poste, la planification des prochaines étapes de la carrière, l’établissement d’un profil académique propre, le retour dans les réseaux locaux, de nouvelles visites à l’étranger, les projets de recherche avec un plus grand nombre de partenaires et le maintien des relations avec la France.

C’est le temps des premières expériences d’orientation d’autres chercheurs envisageant un séjour de recherche en France, de l’exploitation d’un réseau dans un autre pays pour faire avancer sa propre carrière scientifique, l’utilisation de contacts en France pour les aspects personnels de son propre travail scientifique.

Pour l’institution d’accueil c’est le temps de l’information des chercheurs alumni sur les développements, les activités et les ressources intéressantes de l’institution en France.  Ce sont les contacts avec d’autres alumni de l’établissement dans l’actuel pays de résidence du chercheur alumni.

Les réseauteurs

C’est un poste permanent à l’étranger en tant que chercheur expérimenté, l’installation et la reconnaissance dans le domaine d’expertise, la préparation à une promotion, un nouveau séjour de recherche à l’étranger, en France ou ailleurs.

C’est le temps de l’expérience dans l’obtention de financements, du développement de sa propre équipe et de l’élargissement des contacts académiques dans le pays et à l’étranger, du renforcement de l’exploitation des réseaux en France pour sa propre recherche académique et pour inciter les jeunes chercheurs à y faire de la recherche.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est celui d’offrir un nouveau séjour de recherche en France, de l’intégration des chercheurs alumni en tant que conférenciers, le soutien de la coopération à long terme entre établissements d’accueil et d’origine, etc.

Les façonneurs

C’est l’emploi à l’étranger à un poste de direction dans un établissement de recherche, la réputation grâce à un domaine d’expertise plus large, la direction d’équipes, un rôle accru en tant que manager.  Ce sont les grands projets de recherche, y compris ceux auxquels participent plusieurs pays.

C’est le temps de la compréhension approfondie des réseaux et de la façon de les activer efficacement, de l’intérêt à poursuivre le mentorat de ses protégés et à les placer dans le système académique, de l’importance des contacts internationaux pour sa propre réputation et position en tant que conseiller de l’établissement d’origine pour les questions liées à l’internationalisation. Pour l’alma mater, c’est aussi celui de leur conférer un rôle d’ambassadeur de la culture et de la science française auprès des représentants de la communauté scientifique du pays d’origine et d’autres acteurs importants de la société.

Les mentors

C’est la forte réputation au sein d’une discipline académique, la fin des tâches d’enseignement et d’administration, plus de temps pour la recherche, un rôle assumé de conseiller stratégique.

C’est le temps de l’activation systématique des réseaux pour des intérêts de recherche spécifiques, de l’intérêt accru pour la transmission d’expériences et le giving back.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est enfin l’intégration des chercheurs alumni en tant que représentants, par exemple lors de congrès à l’étranger, et leur intégration en tant que conseiller sur les questions d’internationalisation à un niveau stratégique élevé.

En définitive, selon l’AvH, une initiative chercheurs alumni repose sur 3 piliers : construire les structures nécessaires, utiliser les chercheurs alumni pour des responsabilités stratégiques et offrir des services liés à la science à ce groupe particulier d’anciens.

Le futur des chercheurs alumni

L’excellence attire l’excellence.  C’est ce que réaffirme la Fondation Humboldt dans une nouvelle publication parue en 2018[4].  Une culture de l’accueil alliée à Un haut degré de professionnalisme sont essentiels pour lier les scientifiques et chercheurs de haut niveau.  Il est nécessaire d’atteindre à la fois la tête et le cœur pour obtenir fidélité et liens durables.  Si la communication numérique deviendra sans doute plus facile et simplifiée avec le temps, les obstacles à surmonter en termes de distance physique pourraient bien augmenter.  Les voyages pourraient devenir plus coûteux et les environnements géopolitiques pourraient bien limiter les activités transfrontalières.

La taille de l’université joue un rôle important, les grandes pouvant mieux utiliser le potentiel des chercheurs alumni lorsqu’il s’agit de solliciter leurs conseils en matière d’internationalisation.  Le contact personnel entre ces derniers et leurs anciens établissements d’accueil demeure un aspect essentiel du travail.  Les bourses de réinvitation sont extrêmement populaires, de même que les conférences spécialisées ou les événements réservés aux chercheurs alumni. 

Le thème du développement (international) de la carrière est essentiel pour nombre d’entre eux, en particulier en début de carrière. C’est pourquoi il convient d’offrir des événements de réseautage autour de ce sujet.  Dans l’ensemble, on peut dire que les projets universitaires ne seront efficaces que s’ils apportent une valeur ajoutée et des avantages clairs. 

Les réseaux sociaux recèlent un énorme potentiel pour forger des liens avec les chercheurs alumni de la génération Y (ou millennials).  Avec leurs attentes numériques et Web (LinkedIn, Research Gate, academia.edu), leurs connaissances et leurs besoins, ils vont changer profondément la sphère des relations avec les alumni.  Alors que les générations précédentes distinguaient vie professionnelle et vie privée, la génération Y brouille les frontières entre ces deux mondes.  La communication avec les médias sociaux doit tenir compte de ces tendances et répondre à l’évolution des habitudes des futurs chercheurs alumni appartenant à la génération Y.  Ceux qui gèrent les chercheurs alumni doivent penser l’évolution de la structure et de la fonctionnalité des réseaux en ligne existants.

Il s’agit donc aussi de profiter de cette opportunité en partageant le contenu de son site Web via les réseaux sociaux, d’y rechercher ses influenceurs, d’y être authentique.

Se projeter dans l’avenir grâce aux chercheurs alumni peut alors se dérouler en 4 étapes :

  • élaborer une stratégie dédiée ;
  • Créer et développer l’organisation pour le travail chercheurs alumni ;
  • Personnaliser le dispositif en fonction de leurs attentes ;
  • Utiliser le potentiel des chercheurs alumni et les impliquer dans les activités stratégiques de l’établissement.

Avec les changements fondamentaux qui se profilent à l’horizon, comment être attractif pour les chercheurs de demain ?  La numérisation du monde, les superordinateurs et le big data nous ont fait basculer dans le quatrième paradigme : la science pilotée par les données.  On s’attend à des effets particulièrement spectaculaires dans les sciences humaines et les arts.

Les frontières entre les domaines de recherche et les disciplines s’estompentIl n’y aura pas de limites aux possibilités de collaboration entre les diverses disciplines de recherche et une véritable explosion d’approches et de projets multidisciplinaires est sur le point de se produire.  La séparation entre les sciences humaines et les sciences dites naturelles est en passe d’être abandonnée au profit d’une approche plus large et universelle fondée sur la science.

À l’avenir, les étudiants devront aussi étudier à plusieurs endroits, ceci dès le début de leurs études.  Le marché du travail montre en effet que les personnes qui restent mobiles atteignent leurs objectifs professionnels plus rapidement : cela vaut aussi pour les carrières scientifiques.

La présence physique aux méga-conférences va ainsi diminuer en faveur de la participation en ligne.  Malgré cela, les jeunes chercheurs accordent beaucoup plus d’importance que les générations précédentes à une vie privée et à une autonomie équilibrée. Cela ne signifie pas qu’ils travailleront moins, au contraire : à l’avenir, les universités auront à offrir des mesures de soutien adaptées si elles veulent recruter et retenir les bons chercheurs.

Le contact personnel gardera toute son importance.  Avec le nombre croissant d’excellents centres de recherche dans le monde, la concurrence pour les idées et pour la publication va s’intensifier, mais l’intensité des collaborations comptera plus que leur nombre.

Il y a enfin l’abandon du processus traditionnel de publication dans des revues à comité de lecture au profit de la publication en libre accès.  Dans ce contexte, les nouvelles générations sont encore plus axées sur l’esprit d’équipe.  Les jeunes scientifiques d’aujourd’hui ont grandi avec les réseaux sociaux, sont optimistes, indépendants, idealistes, ouverts à l’activité entrepreneuriale, mais les hiérarchies ne sont pas leur truc.  Ils accordent de l’importance à la sécurité d’emploi, préférant un emploi à la création d’entreprise.  Ils s’identifient davantage à leur équipe qu’à leur institution.  Le statut d’alumni ne reposera plus seulement sur la présence physique, mais sera peut-être l’expression d’une multitude de contacts et de liens.


[1] https://www.humboldt-foundation.de/web/docs/F-1631541699/brochure-future-research-alumni.pdf

[2] https://www.bmbf.de/en/research-in-germany-land-of-ideas-1415.html

[3] https://www.humboldt-foundation.de/pls/web/docs/F211510005/research-alumni-broschure-duz.pdf

[4] RGPD : Règlement Général sur la protection des données de l’Union européenne, nᵒ 2016/679, texte de référence en matière de protection des données à caractère personnel. Il renforce et unifie cette protection pour les individus au sein de l’UE.

FnAK celebrates 25 years of commitment for mobile researchers

featured image

Improving the reception conditions for high-level foreign scientists coming to work in France, maintaining contact with them after their return to their country. 25 years ago, these were the missions that Prof. Guy Ourisson entrusted to the Alfred Kastler National Foundation that he had just created.

Legal monitoring and expertise, the EURAXESS network, the ALFRED directory, the observatory of scientific mobility and a continuous dialogue with decision-makers contribute to making one of its most cherished dreams come true.

Latest News from ALFRED

featured image
In the framework of the Welcome Desk Paris 2018, FnAK contributed to the training of the multicultural and multilingual team: from 10 September to 23 November, the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris is simplifying the start of the academic year for students and researchers from around the world.
Throughout France, thanks to the EURAXESS Centres, the ALFRED® software simplifies the mobility of researchers: since mid-September, their number has exceeded the total recorded in 2017 (12514 doctoral and post-doctoral students).

Loi Orientation et Réussite des Etudiants

featured image

Written by the FnAK-CiuP legal expert in charge of legal monitoring, a note on the student orientation and success law is available to the EURAXESS Local Service Centres and Contact Points on the discussion forum of this network. In addition to its main provisions relating to the organisation of access for secondary school pupils to universities and training courses of their choice, this law abolishes the specific scheme for students to cover their health costs, which is now assumed within the framework of « Protection Universelle Maladie » (PUMA).

Journées Nationales EURAXESS

featured image

In Montpellier on June 25 and 26, where our colleagues from the French EURAXESS network hosted these days, we were able to visit the brand new Service Accueil International Etudiants/Chercheurs (SAIEC) in the very premises of the COMUE. This service further strengthens the close cooperation established between the Euraxess Service Centres and the ‘Service des Etrangers’ de la Préfecture de Montpellier. The SAIEC thus becomes the second example of such a rapprochement, after the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris with its Welcome Desk since September 2017, which now centralises the reception of foreign students and researchers at the start of the academic year, from September to November, on a multi-service reception platform.

Perhaps we owe such connections to a long-established dialogue with the Ministry of the Interior and the Prefectures? It should be recalled that France is at the origin of the scientific-research procedure, which has been particularly simplified and accelerated in favour of the international mobility of scientific talent from third countries (outside the EU). Proposed by FnAK in 1998 to the Ministry of Research, at the latter’s request, this procedure was naturally reinforced by the rise of the French EURAXESS network (about forty Service Centres and Contact Points) and their necessary cooperation with the ‘Service des Etrangers’ in the Prefecture. Transposed throughout Europe since 2005, thanks to the Researchers Directive, the procedure is now adopted by the European EURAXESS network.

What will be the next French EURAXESS Service Centre to follow in Paris and Montpellier?
Which European country will be able to draw inspiration from this new French initiative in favour of researchers in international mobility?

FnAK Annual Report 2017

featured image

The continuous arrival of asylum seekers at the gates of Europe, Brexit, the countries dragged along in its wake and the election of Donald Trump to the presidency of the United States make you doubt the existence of knowledge and research without borders. The crisis of confidence affecting the old continent calls into question the very principles of migration management. It represents an unprecedented challenge for our administrations, our governments or for a common approach of the European Union.
We are therefore still a long way from being done with the incessant revision of regulations relating to mobility – whether or not it is professional – or with the accumulation of related European and national legal texts. Thus the expertise of FnAK and the Euraxess network, relating to academic mobility, will still be in demand, as was the case in 2017 with the reception of Syrian, Turkish or Afghan refugees with the PAUSE programme.
Faced with these new challenges, which are being declined for FnAK at regional and national levels (Far East and metropolitan France), the development of the ALFRED®[1] system is a real encouragement. First because the increase in listings in our directory remains significant (+18.7% in 2017), then because of the projected development of the following platforms :

  • Host convention, with the integration into the software of the regulatory process that allows institutions to invite and then host researchers from third countries. All those involved in the process of welcoming these researchers will benefit from this new process, from the research teams to the Prefectures, via the Euraxess Centres, university services and organisations;
  • One-stop shop, on which universities will be able to support their own reception platforms at the start of the academic year, during which they welcome more than half of their public in international mobility. This is an exclusive development for the Grand-Est region, which FnAK will adapt to the constraints of each university;
  • Scientific career, in cooperation with the Bernard Gregory Association, whose field of expertise is this, as well as with the most advanced research organizations in this field. The development of this platform will aim to put the latter in touch with researchers in mobility to recruit the best talent.

In the long term, the national deployment of these new platforms integrated into ALFRED®, complementary to the housing platform on which several Euraxess Centres already rely, should guarantee a complete range of services to support researchers on their way to France.
For these various developments, FnAK will first have to take up the challenge of adapting ALFRED® to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDR), wanted by the European Union to increase the protection of persons concerned by the processing of their personal data. We really see this regulatory obligation as an opportunity, since it will enable us to match our working tools to our professional ethics, in accordance with the defence of the human person so dear to Alfred Kastler.

Our 2017 Annual Report can be downloaded here. Find there the mobility observatory, with the figures of the European Union, those of the Ministry of the Interior, those of Euraxess and access&ss FnAK, and the usual headings.

[1] ALumni and Foreign REsearchers Directory

FnAK 2017 Observatory

featured image

With Brexit and Trump’s election, the game really changed. The 2008 financial crisis had already transformed working conditions, weakened the academic world and made recruitment precarious; now, the contribution of scientists to society is being called into question. People feel that science and politics have left them behind. Faced with this new shock, European organisations in science, research, education and innovation had to reaffirm the need for an open exchange of ideas and people [1],[2].

But facing the unexpected, the counter-intuitive and the irrational post-Brexit wake calls for another answer. Researchers, who had already learned how to sell themselves, put forward their adaptability, their ability to work as a team or their ability to enhance their network, are today confronted with the obsolescence of top-down governance. In this new world, where what we know is who we know, the challenge for scientists is to ensure a greater bottom-up contribution to inform future science and social policy.
New science policy concepts (RRI, open-science, etc.) have recently emerged, opening up new paths towards more socially relevant research and innovation. Preconditions include the adoption of principles of integrity, openness, responsibility and multidisciplinarity in scientific work. The social sciences and humanities also have a key role to play.
But this new social contract can only be achieved by creating a strong community that supports it. Will the desired emergence of a Homo scientificus europaeus invigorate the voice of scientists in Europe?

The European Union has certainly not waited to formalise its own model for the transmission of scientific knowledge in its policies, and to define its scientific advisory mechanism (SAM)[3]. But it is too early to judge, until we have determined where and how to contribute.
In the great upheaval in the international landscape, the countries that had taken the lead in accompanying the scientific career – Germany and the United Kingdom – are at an advantage, even if uncertainty now prevails across the Channel since Brexit and the uncertain prospects linked to the circulation of ideas and people.

A German survey of 4900 doctoral and post-doctoral students – men and women, with and without children – on whether young researchers stay in research after starting a family, identified career and family aspirations among the researchers interviewed. The survey revealed that they do not wish to put their family goals on hold because of their careers. The reverse is also true: young women researchers – and exceptionally post-doctoral women – who have already started a family want to stay in university to follow their professional ambitions and balance the demands of work and family life. With a family-friendly policy, universities play a decisive role. In France too?

[1] Déclaration de Bruxelles : http://seppi.over-blog.com/2017/03/la-declaration-de-bruxelles-sur-l-ethique-et-les-principes-pour-l-elaboration-des-politiques-en-matiere-de-science-et-de-societe.htm

[2] Marche pour les sciences : https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marche_pour_les_sciences

[3] Conference for Science Journalists 2017 : http://www.eusja.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/ECSJ2017-final-Report-1.pdf

The profile of Accompanied Researchers in 2017

featured image

Data from Eurostat and the Ministry of the Interior on the issue of residence permits in the EU and France are detailed in the Annex of our annual report 2017 (pp. 20 to 30). In 2016, after a constant progression during 5 years, France almost returned to its position of 2014, with 3316 residence permits issued (-11.9% compared to 2015), perhaps a price paid for a terrorist threat still very high in France. However, some countries continue to make progress, such as the Netherlands, Denmark, the Czech Republic and Poland. It should be noted that some other European countries use other procedures to receive researchers from third countries, notably the United Kingdom and Germany, which prevents an informed analysis of scientific mobility towards Europe.

With 12514 researchers of 145 nationalities accompanied in 2016, the national data of access FnAK and Euraxess progress by 18.7% compared to 2016 (10176). The adoption of the ALFRED® system by the universities of Bordeaux and Angers is certainly not unrelated. This trend could well be confirmed next year, with the next developments announced: hosting convention platforms, one-stop shop at the start of the academic year.

With regard to the scientific audiences supported by the Euraxess Centres, the proportion of doctoral students is still slightly increasing, reaching 55.6% (55.1% in 2016). The other 3 audiences are: researchers’ spouses (+5.8%), university staff (+2.9%) and, in Ile-de-France only, students (-4.6%).

As regards the breakdown by continent, the trend observed over the past eight years is confirmed for each continent except Asia, which is returning to its 2014 rank (29.0%; -2.6% compared to 2017). The increase in the mobility of African researchers is very significant (34.5%; +10.1%), as is the decline in those from Europe (19.6%; -6.1%). Analysis by continental sectors confirms the clear increase in North, West and Central Africa (respectively +3.8% and +3.0% for the last two), while the decline in mobility from EU countries is very marked (-6.9%). The decline in Chinese scientific mobility (-3.9%) is sufficient to explain the decline in mobility in Asia. China nevertheless remains in the lead of the countries for researchers already holding the rank of doctor, but loses its place for doctoral students and finds itself in 8th place.

As for the share of women in scientific mobility, it is better than stabilising and is returning to its 2014 level, with at least 1.0% better than last year for both post-doctoral (34.0%) and doctoral (42.3%) women. In the same period, the classification by scientific and technological fields confirms the growing share taken by the natural sciences (+0.8%), medical and health (+0.7%) and social sciences (+0.7%), again to the detriment of engineering sciences (-2.0%).

In 2017, the family situation of researchers on the move shows a clear increase in those in couples with children (+8.3%), offset by the decline in researchers who came alone to France (-8.5%).

While the proportions by age group and length of stay do not show any particular change, the language of communication reveals an advantage that is increasing for the English language (+3.9%), although relativised by that of the unreported data (-1.8%).

Three new series of data finally shed new light on researchers moving to France:
– More than half of them arrive within 4 months, between the last weeks of August and November (51.8%);
– Almost half of them are hosted by a university (47.1%): nearly 90% if research organisations and engineering schools are included;
– More than half are salaried (56.0%) ; more than a quarter of them by foreign employers.

Finally, it should be recalled with regard to these data (regional distribution in particular) that our figures correspond to the voluntary registration of researchers on mobility in the ALFRED® database. Consequently, our data reflect more the increase in the use of ALFRED® at university level than the scientific attractiveness of the French territories.