For its 7th Scientific Council, the FnAK celebrates its 30th anniversary at the Palais de l’Institut

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On Tuesday 12 December 2023, the Fondation nationale Alfred Kastler (FnAK) celebrated 30 years of activity at the Palais de l’Institut.  Now part of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris (CiuP), the FnAK was created by the Académie des Sciences and their relationship is still very close.

At the end of the 7th meeting of its scientific council, three speeches preceded an anniversary cocktail and a tour of this « Parliament of the learned world »:

  • Olivier BECHT, Minister Delegate for Foreign Trade, Attractiveness and French Nationals Abroad (recording)
  • Édouard BRÉZIN, Member of the Académie des Sciences, Chairman of the Scientific Council of the Kastler Foundation
  • Catherine MÉNÉZO-MÉREUR, Acting General Delegate of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris.

Many thanks to the French government and to the local authorities of the Grand-Est region, who have supported the Kastler Foundation financially and strategically since its creation.


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FnAK’s annual report 2022 can be downloaded here. (French)

Professor Guy OURISSON paved the way for the Kastler Foundation (FnAK) to welcome and monitor international researchers in France, following the example of the German Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH Stiftung), albeit for all researchers on academic mobility to France and without funding their research stays. We are on the same path today, thanks to the support of the French government and local authorities under the three-year Strasbourg European Capital Contract since 2000 and to the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris (CiuP), which has been our home since 2002.

With the first reception office set up in Strasbourg, followed by a tour of France’s research campuses, and finally our cooperation with the European Commission, regulations, organisation and professionalisation of the reception service have progressed to the benefit of international researchers, both in France and in the EU (researchers’ directive, EURAXESS network, HRS4R, etc.). According to data from the ALFRED® software[1], accessible in real time via the EURAXESS network, around 80% of them currently benefit from this (15,000/year):

  • the aim of registering international researchers in ALFRED® is to offer them 360° support, from preparing their stay in France to the rest of their career, through to the completion of their research project under the best possible conditions in France;
  • the ultimate aim for higher education and research establishments, regions and the country as a whole is to roll out a follow-up strategy (alumni researchers), both to combine academic hospitality and international influence and to recruit the best talent from such a pool.

In short, we have helped to develop in France the culture of academic hospitality cultivated by the Humboldt Foundation (to the same level as in the UK and the USA). To reach the same level in terms of post-stay follow-up strategy, we will be undertaking a number of actions from 2021 onwards, such as further development of the ALFRED® software for networking with the international researchers who register with it, and our cooperation with Campus France and its France Alumni platform.

The ultimate aim is to stay as close as possible to the needs :

  • international researchers, in terms of working conditions and employability ;
  • their host research teams, to remove obstacles to residence, accommodation and integration so that they can devote themselves to their research work as soon as they arrive;
  • the research organisations that receive them, to help them develop their networks of alumni researchers and recruit the best talent;
  • our diplomatic network, for our international influence.


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FnAK’s annual report 2021 can be downloaded here. (French)

The Kastler Foundation works to promote the mobility of international researchers to France:

    – The Kastler Foundation contributes to fostering international cooperation, as did the 1966 Nobel Prize in Physics Alfred Kastler.
    – Son expertise est reconnue au plus haut niveau stratégique, en France et en Europe.
    – Any researcher in academic mobility, regardless of nationality, discipline, funding and host site in France.
    – Any employer or host, regardless of their status.
  • WHY?
    FnAK’s missions are divided into four main areas:
    – To welcome: to professionalize the national and territorial reception of French universities and research organizations.
    – To improve: to cooperate with the Ministries and government services for the improvement of the immigration law.
    – To monitor: to deploy the ALFRED® (ALumni and Foreign REsearchers Directory) database throughout France, thanks to the EURAXESS network.
    – To decide: to accompany political and academic decision-makers with the strategic support of a scientific council.
    – The Kastler Foundation was created by the French Academy of Sciences in 1993, following a report to the Prime Minister on the situation of international researchers in France. From its headquarters in Strasbourg, it launched a network of some 50 EURAXESS centers in France, thanks to the European Commission, to promote French higher education, research and innovation.
    – The Ile-de-France network (Paris region) requires a higher degree of expertise and organization. For this reason, it has become a component of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris, which is now recognized for its ability to host international student and scientific mobility.
    – The Cité internationale and the Kastler Foundation are the alliance of two cardinal ambitions for sustainable international academic relations. Under the dual impetus of philanthropists from all over the world in 1925 for students, and the Academy of Sciences in 1993 for researchers, they intend to facilitate the life of people in academic mobility and cultivate multicultural exchanges conducive to peace in the world.
    – Constituted as an association EURAXESS France, the French network is a strategic partner of the Kastler Foundation.
    – The State and local authorities of the Grand-Est region have supported the Kastler Foundation financially and strategically since its creation.
    – This vast field of action offers the FnAK a privileged observation post. It is an original model of cooperation in France and internationally with all the organizations and individuals specialized in international scientific mobility.
    – With the French EURAXESS network, it is developing a mobility observatory to meet the needs of researchers and their hosts.

Committee of Scientists for Ukraine

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Deeply shocked by the invasion of Ukraine by the army of the Russian Federation, the Academy of Sciences has publicly expressed on several occasions its solidarity with the Ukrainian Academies (The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine and Junior Academy of sciences of Ukraine), and through them, with all scientists and, more generally, with the Ukrainian people.
Today, with its strong national and international scientific ties, the French Académie des sciences is establishing a Committee of Scientists for Ukraine (CSU) to:
• Welcome, accompany and support the Ukrainian scientific community, as well as the families of scientists, in their exile in France;
• Constitute a platform for the exchange of information with the Ukrainian scientific institutions and to support the researchers who remained in Ukraine;
• Accompany the educational teams welcoming children from Ukraine in classes in France, with the collaboration of the Foundation La main à la pâte.

The term « scientists » includes researchers and academics as well as health personnel, engineers, teachers and students.

Franco – Italian Day for Early Career Researchers

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Franco – Italian Day for Early Career Researchers

In partnership with the University of Turin and with the support of the Italo-French University, ABG is organizing the first online edition of the Franco-Italian day for early career researchers of all disciplines on October 28th, 2021. It is an opportunity for students and researchers from both countries to meet and talk with experts in the field of Franco-Italian mobility. 

Register now!


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FnAK’s annual report 2019 can be downloaded here. (French)

The Alfred Kastler National Foundation, today acc&ss FnAK and part of the Directorate of International Mobility Support (DAMI) of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris, was created following the commissioning by the General Secretariat of National Defence (today SGDSN) of a report on the Follow-up and Reception of High Level Foreign Scientists to Prof. Guy OURISSON, delegate for international relations of the Academy of Sciences.

This report established that the follow-up was « lousy » and was accompanied by a lack of reception policy, concluding that it was necessary to create a foundation that would emulate the German Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, to ensure as a priority the reception and follow-up of foreign scientists in France.

acc&ss FnAK is thus at the origin of the scientist-researcher procedure and the French network for hosting mobile researchers, which the European Commission used as a model for the launch of the ERA-Net EURAXESS and which FnAK coordinated in France, before handing over to the Conference of University Presidents (CPU). The latter set up the French EURAXESS network as an association in 2011 (EURAXESS France), which is currently the only network among 42 national networks with a legal personality.

Today, FnAK acts as a service provider for the French EURAXESS Centres, providing them with its legal expertise and sharing with them the ALFRED® (Alumni and Foreign REsearchers Directory) database, thus playing an essential role in the support of people in academic mobility to France.

Its Observatory on the Mobility of Researchers to France, developed by FnAK, provides indicators to higher education and research institutions and enables them to adapt the services offered to the specific needs of this public.

Finally, with regard to the follow-up of researchers after they have left France, FnAK is inspired by the researcher alumni strategy developed by the A. v. Humboldt foundation, to contribute to the international influence of our territories with regard to mobile researchers.

Entry into France of International Researchers

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Since January 31, 2021 at midnight, any travel to / from a country outside the European area is subject to the production of a compelling reason.

Please note: travelers arriving from a State within the European area but having stayed within 30 days prior to their arrival in a State outside the European area, must comply with the procedure applicable to travelers arriving from a State outside the European area.

Foreigners may come for short or long stays. They must present the documents usually required at the border: passport, visa (long-stay visa for everyone, short-stay visa only for nationalities subject to it) and only for short stays: justification of means and accommodation.  In addition, they must have:

Attestation of international travel;

– Sworn statement of sanitary measure ; Older than 11 yearsYounger than 11 years ;

– Not forgetting the PCR test less than 72 hours old.

The indicative list of compelling reasons appears on the attestations of entry to the metropolitan territory. There are two different of them:

– One for French/EU nationals

– Another for non-EU/British nationals.

1) For non-EU/British nationals :

1.1 Third-country nationals, holders of a valid French or European residence permit or long-stay visa, who have their principal residence in France or who, in transit through France, are returning to their principal residence in a European Union country or similar (valid only if the trip abroad took place before January 31, 2021 or was justified by an overriding reason).

If a foreigner has his main residence in France, he can return with his Residence Permit or with a Long-Stay Visa + document proving that his main residence is in France (property deed, rental contract, etc.) + justification (travel before January 31, 2021 or health/family/professional reason).

1.2 British national and family members who are beneficiaries of the withdrawal agreement of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community (valid only if the travel abroad took place before January 31, 2021 or was justified by a compelling reason).

If a British person arrived in France before 31/12/20 (i.e. British without Residence Permit or Long-Stay Visa) but who travelled for an overriding reason, he can return with his passport and a justification (health/family/professional).

If (S)he travelled before 31/01/21, he can return with his passport and a justification that the trip took place before 31/01/21.

(British nationals who arrived in France after 01/01/21 are subject to the common law for foreigners and this box does not apply to them).

1.3. Foreign health or research professional contributing to the fight against covid-19 or recruited as an associate trainee.

To come to France, the health professional/special research Covid-19 needs his passport, a visa (if necessary) and his professional card/employer’s certificate and his hosting agreement or internship agreement.

1.4. Nationals of third countries with a Long-Stay Visa « Passeport Talent ».

This applies to all talent passports: qualified employee, researcher, family, artist, investor, business creator, etc. They need: passport, Long-Stay Visa, employer’s certificate/business card/assignment order (+ hosting agreement for researchers).

(Be careful not to confuse the « passeport talent / créateur d’entreprise » with the « Recherche d’Emploi / Création d’Entreprise » or the « carte autoentrepreneur/professional card »).

1.5. Researcher settling in France at the invitation of a research laboratory, for research activities requiring a physical presence; Student settling in France for the second academic semester as part of a program at a higher education institution.

For researchers, they need: passport, visa (if necessary), invitation from the laboratory, employer’s certificate and hosting agreement.

The government anticipates the management of study visa applications for France: you must be registered in France for the academic year 2020/2021 or for the 2nd semester of the academic year 2020/2021 only to be authorized to come. For the school year 2021/2022, we will see later.

Documents for students: passport, study visa (VLS or VCS), school certificate for the year or semester, if necessary: proof of participation in a university exchange program.

2) Compelling reasons and examples of supporting documents :

2.1. Compelling reasons of a personal or family nature :

– Death of a family member in the direct line (grandparents, parents, children and siblings) / Visit to a life-threatening situation for family members in the direct line (grandparents, parents, children and siblings) ;

Required documents: death certificate, medical certificate establishing the situation of the person whose prognosis is life-threatening, proof of family ties.

– Displacement in France within the framework of the exercise of custody rights recognized by a court decision;

Documents required: court decision and proof of place of residence.

– Summons by a judicial or administrative authority;

Required documents: summons by the administrative or judicial authority.

– Legal or economic impossibility to remain on the territory on which the person is located / execution of a removal order from national territory ;

Required documents: Expiring residence permit, act of dismissal, etc.;

– Participation in a university exchange program.

Required documents: Certificate of schooling issued by the institution.

2.2 Compelling health reasons :

– Vital medical emergency (for the person as well as an accompanying person if his/her presence is indispensable) ;

Required documents: medical certificate, proof of planned hospitalization, etc.

2.3 Professional compelling reasons :

– Missions that are indispensable to the pursuit of an economic activity, requiring a presence on site that cannot be postponed and whose postponement or cancellation would have manifestly disproportionate consequences or would be impossible (including transport professionals);

Required documents: employer’s certificate, professional card for crews in international goods transport, international passenger transport, international maritime transport.

– Health or research professional contributing to the fight against Covid 19 or participating in cooperation operations of major interest in health matters;

Required document: professional card.

– Ad hoc missions related to the exercise of public authority prerogatives (including diplomatic missions and missions essential to the continued execution of operational contracts of the armed forces or military corps) that cannot be deferred or postponed ;

Required documents: business card, mission order.

– High level athletes for participation in meetings validated by the Ministry of Sports ;

Required documents: professional card, certificate issued by the organizer in connection with the Ministry of Sport.

– Cross-border workers between France and the United Kingdom ;

Document required: employer’s certificate.

Applications for residence permits for British nationals

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The website for applications for residence permits for British nationals is open.

As a reminder :

This site is only open to British nationals and their family members, of British nationality or third country nationals, residing in France or coming to settle in France before December 31, 2020.

British nationals residing in France or coming to settle in France before December 31, 2020 must obligatorily apply for a residence permit online, mentioning « withdrawal agreement » on this site.

British nationals arriving in France after January 1, 2021 will have to apply for a visa at the consulate and then apply for a residence permit at the prefecture (application of common law for foreigners):

  • For students and doctoral students with student status: application for VLS-TS student ;
  • For researchers: application for a « talent researcher passport » visa (therefore a hosting agreement must be provided).

FnAK’s Annual Report 2019

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FnAK’s annual report 2019 can be downloaded here. (French)

At this time, the country is getting back on track after the Covid-19 outbreak. What will mobility look like in the future?

Researcher mobility helps networks and countries meet the challenges of the future. But how much do researchers in a digitised world really need to be in the same place at the same time to work together and benefit from each other? Do new technologies make it possible to avoid climate-damaging air travel to conferences and research visits?

Physical and virtual mobility should not be in opposition to each other. The challenge is how to reconcile the two in the highly flexible and dynamic mesh of interconnected networks, to produce the knowledge we need for the future.
A large mass of users have easy access to specialised knowledge that they can continue to process. A new framework is emerging in which knowledge is exchanged and generated. This virtual mobility of knowledge changes the form of knowledge itself. What is lost, however, are the informal conversations over coffee or dinner that are so productive.

It is only by maintaining a trusting relationship with experienced researchers that young scientists and academics can learn from their informal working methods and practices and form unexpected connections.

For example, today’s researchers have long been involved in many networks at the same time, both analogue and digital. They need to be able to circulate themselves and their knowledge both digitally and analogically. Travel, especially by air, will probably be less frequent. But it will not often be possible to find a substitute for personal meetings.

Information to be transmitted to international researchers – EURAXESS

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Due to the pandemic situation linked to the progression of covid-19, the French authorities decided on a lockdown period from March 16 to May 11, 2020.

From Monday, May 11, the country enters a period of gradual end of lockdown.

France is divided into red and green departments according to the following map:

Reminder of the main measures valid from May 11, 2020:


  • The certificate of derogatory movement is no longer required to leave your home. The exit time is no longer limited, however gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited.
  • Wearing a mask is highly recommended in public spaces and compulsory in public transport (bus, metro, tram, train, etc.).
  • Travel is authorized within a 100 km radius of the home or also within the same department without limitation of distance.
  • Beyond 100 km, a special authorization is required based on a compelling professional or family reason.
  • European and international borders remain closed for the time being.


  • Stores and shopping centers are opening again little by little (except restrictions in Ile-de-France): it is strongly recommended to wear a mask and imperative to respect the safety distance between each customer.
  • Places of worship are open from May 11, but ceremonies prohibited.
  • Practicing sport outside is authorized.
  • Libraries and media libraries, small museums are open. Other cultural places (large museums, cinemas, theaters, opera houses, etc.) remain closed.
  • The parks and gardens are open in the green departments.
  • Bars, cafes and restaurants remain closed for the time being.


  • The nurseries open their doors from Monday 11 May but only welcome 10 children per group.
  • The opening of nursery and primary schools starts from May 11 gradually, on the basis of family volunteering. Each academy defines its rules according to the precise local situation.
  • Middle schools will be open from May 18 in the green zones and from June 2 in the red zones.
  • High schools and universities will remain closed until September 2020.


As far as possible, remote work from home is recommended until further notice.

Ask your host establishment and your laboratory manager for more information.

Ordinance on the extension of residence permits

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The ordinance for the extension of residence permits
was published in the JORF of 26/03/20 (Ordinance No. 2020-328 of 25 March 2020 extending the period of validity of residence documents).

The following documents which would expire between 16 March and 15 May 2020 are extended by 90 days (3 months) and not by 180 days as indicated by the Law (6 months) :
1° Long-stay visa ;
2° Residence permits, with the exception of those issued to foreign diplomatic and consular staff ;
3° Provisional residence permits;
4° Receipts of applications for residence permits;
5° Asylum application certificates.

It is therefore an automatic extension with maintenance of social rights and the right to work. Be careful however, this period of only 90 days is likely to complicate making an appointment at the prefecture.

The state of health emergency in France is official

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Article 3 of Decree No. 2020-293 of 23 March 2020 prescribing the general measures necessary to deal with the covid-19 epidemic within the framework of :

I. – Until 31 March 2020, any movement of persons outside their homes is prohibited except for travel for the following reasons, avoiding any gathering of people :

1° Journeys between the home and the place(s) where the professional activity is carried out and professional journeys that cannot be postponed ;

2° Trips to make purchases of supplies necessary for the professional activity and purchases of basic necessities in establishments whose activities remain authorized by Article 8 of this decree;

3° Travel for health reasons, with the exception of consultations and care that can be provided at a distance and, except for patients suffering from a long-term illness, those that can be postponed;

4° Travel for compelling family reasons, for the assistance of vulnerable persons and for the care of children;

5° Short journeys, within the limit of one hour per day and within a maximum radius of one kilometre around the home, related either to the individual physical activity of the persons, excluding any collective sporting practice and any proximity with other persons, or to walking with only the persons grouped together in the same home, or for the needs of pets;

6° Travel resulting from an obligation to report to the national police or gendarmerie services or to any other service or professional, imposed by the administrative police authority or the judicial authority ;

7° Travel resulting from a summons issued by an administrative court or judicial authority;

8° Travel for the sole purpose of participating in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority and under the conditions it specifies.

An identity document and a dated and signed authorization are required. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe advises that the exit time should be written on the document.

These restrictions are valid in metropolitan France and in all overseas departments and territories.

Article 5 of the same decree: Travel between metropolitan France and the DROM-COMs is suspended until 15 April 2020 unless justified by :

  • compelling reasons of a personal or family nature;
  • health reasons related to an emergency;
  • professional reasons that cannot be postponed.

Persons wishing to benefit from one of these exceptions must present to the air carrier at the time of boarding one or more documents justifying the reason for the journey accompanied by a declaration on honour of that reason.

Emergency legislation to deal with the covid epidemic-19

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Summary of the emergency health law adopted on 22/03/20, to be published in the Official Journal of 23/03/20…

Résumé de la loi d’urgence sanitaire adoptée le 22/03/20, à paraître au Journal Officiel du 23/03/20…

Adoption of the text

On March 19, 2020, the Senate passed the bill. On 21 March 2020, the National Assembly in turn passed the bill. On 22 March 2020, a joint committee, composed of 7 deputies and 7 senators, met to reach agreement on a final version of the text.

On 22 March 2020, Parliament adopted the emergency bill to deal with the covid-19 epidemic. A two-month « state of health emergency » throughout the country is established as soon as the law comes into force (published in the JORF on 23/03/20).

A new legal framework

This law establishes a « sanitary » state of emergency system, alongside the common law state of emergency provided for by the law of 3 April 1955. It is a question of « strengthening the legal bases » on which has been the basis of the measures taken so far to manage the Covid-19 outbreak.

This new state of health emergency may concern part or all of the territory (including overseas territories) « in the event of a health disaster endangering, by its nature and extent, the health and safety of the population ».

It is declared by a decree in the Council of Ministers, based on the report of the Minister of Health. The available scientific data on the health situation which motivated the decision are made public.

Its extension beyond one month must be authorized by a law, which determines its duration.

Within the framework of this state of emergency, the Prime Minister may, by decree and/or order, take general measures limiting the freedom to come and go, the freedom of movement of persons, the freedom of the press and the freedom of the media.

and freedom of assembly and allowing for the requisitioning of any necessary goods and services and for deciding on temporary price control measures. Such measures may include home containment measures.

The Minister responsible for health may, by order, determine other general measures and individual measures. Prefects may be empowered to take local

enforcement actions. All such measures must be proportionate to the risks involved.

When a state of public health emergency is declared, « a committee of scientists » shall be convened immediately. This Committee shall periodically make public its opinion on the measures taken under the emergency.

A series of exceptional measures

Economic emergency measures

The Government is empowered to take, by ordinance, within three months, any measure to deal with the economic, financial and social consequences of the crisis.

of the spread of the epidemic in order to prevent and limit the cessation of activity of natural and legal persons engaged in economic activity.

Examples of measures :

– Authorisation for companies « particularly necessary » for the security of the nation or the continuity of economic and social life to derogate from the rules of order.

and to the conventional stipulations relating to working hours, weekly rest and Sunday rest.

– facilitating the use of partial activity

– temporary suspension of the waiting day in the event of sick leave for the duration of the state of health emergency

– adaptation of the rules for the filing and processing of administrative declarations

– subject to an enterprise or branch agreement, an employer may impose or modify the dates on which part of the paid leave is taken, up to a limit of six days. The company’s business activities do not require the use of the so-called « advance notice » periods to inform the persons concerned.

For very small companies without staff representatives, employees will be able to be consulted directly by their employer. (Cf. order n°2017-1385 of 22 September 2017 relating to the strengthening of collective bargaining).

The employer may unilaterally impose or modify the dates of days of reduced working hours, rest days provided for in package agreements and rest days allocated to the employee’s time savings account, without prior notice.

Restriction of civil liberties

Example of possible measures :

prohibition of the movement of persons and vehicles; prohibition of persons from leaving their homes, subject to travel that is strictly necessary for family or health needs; order measures for the implementation of the quarantine of persons likely to be infected; order measures to place and keep infected persons in isolation; order the temporary closure of one or more categories of establishments open to the public and of meeting places, with the exception of establishments providing essential goods or services; limit or prohibit gatherings on the public highway and meetings of any kind; order the requisitioning of all goods and services necessary to combat the health disaster; take temporary measures to control the prices of certain products necessary to prevent or correct the tensions observed on the market for these products; take any measure allowing patients to be provided with appropriate medicines for the eradication of the health disaster; take by decree any other regulatory measure restricting the freedom of enterprise.

Warning: On 22/03/2020, the Council of State, ruling in summary proceedings, called for a more restrictive confinement. The government has 48 hours to modify its measures. According to the Council of State, total confinement is not conceivable in the present state, because it could have "serious consequences for the health of the population" and it would also require home catering which could not be "organized throughout the national territory, given the means at the disposal of the administration". The Conseil d'Etat adds that the maintenance of certain professions, such as in the medical field, implies the "continuation of certain essential activities on which they depend. »
The magistrates of the Council of State are asking the
government to tighten the "ambiguous" scope of the authorisations
granted to the confined population. The government must specify the degree of
urgency for which a person will be allowed to travel. (Jogging and open markets
are in the Council of State's sights).
The government has until Tuesday evening to follow the
injunctions of the Council of State.
As a reminder, according to Decree No. 2020-260 of 16 March 2020 regulating travel as part of the fight against the spread of the covid virus19 :
In order to prevent the spread of the covid-19 virus, it is forbidden until 31 March 2020 to move any person outside his or her home, except for the following reasons, in compliance with general measures to prevent the spread of the virus and avoiding any gathering of people:
1° Journeys between the home and the place(s) where the professional activity is carried out and professional journeys that cannot be postponed;

2° Travel to make purchases of supplies necessary for the professional activity and purchases of basic necessities in establishments whose activities remain authorised by order of the Minister for Health issued on the basis of the provisions of Article L. 3131-1 of the Public Health Code;

3° Travel for health reasons ;

4° Displacements for compelling family reasons, for the assistance of vulnerable persons or for childcare;

5° Short trips, close to home, related to the individual physical activity of persons, excluding any collective sports practice, and to the needs of the pets;

6° Travel resulting from an obligation of presentation to the national police or gendarmerie services or to any other service or professional, imposed by the administrative police authority or the judicial authority ;
7° Travel resulting from a summons issued by an administrative court or judicial authority;

8° Travel for the sole purpose of participating in missions of general interest at the request of the administrative authority and under the conditions it specifies.

Persons wishing to benefit from one of these exceptions must, when travelling away from home, carry a document enabling them to justify that the journey in question falls within the scope of one of these exceptions.

– Immigration


The government is also authorised to extend by ordinance the period of validity of the residence documents issued to foreigners (residence permit, certificate of asylum application…) which expire between 16 March and 15 May 2020, up to a maximum of six months.

Article 16 of the State of Health Emergency Act: Under the conditions laid down in Article 38 of the Constitution, the Government is authorised, within one month of the publication of this Act, to take by ordinance any measure falling within the scope of the Act to extend the period of validity of long-stay visas, residence permits, provisional residence permits, receipts for applications for residence permits and certificates of asylum applications which expired between 16 March and 15 May 2020, up to a limit of one hundred and eighty days.

It is therefore necessary to wait for the ordinance. For the time being, for any residence permit which would expire as of 16/03/2020, automatic extension of 3 months,

maintenance of social rights and the right to work.

French expatriates :

By way of derogation, French expatriates who returned to France between March 1, 2020 and June 1, 2020 and who are not in employment are affiliated to the health and maternity insurance without being subject to a waiting period. The terms and conditions of application of this Article may be specified by decree.

As a reminder: the prefectural reception services for foreigners remain closed until further notice.

The external borders of the European area and the Schengen area are closed from 17 March 2020 and for 30 days.

The persons authorized, with their spouse and children, to enter the national territory in order to reach their residence are the following:

– French citizens;

– citizens of the European Union;

– nationals of the Schengen area;

– United Kingdom nationals

– nationals of other countries who have their permanent residence in France

In order for foreign nationals on mobility outside France to be able to return to French territory as soon as air links are re-established, they need a valid residence permit. Holders of a VLS-TS must have already validated it online and have already entered French territory.

Holders of a VLS « carte de séjour à solliciter dans les deux mois suivant votre arrivée » (« residence permit to be applied for within two months of your arrival ») can normally return to France even if they have not yet received their residence permit and even if they have not started the procedures at the prefecture, as long as they have already entered French territory.

Beware of the internal borders of the Schengen area (Schengen borders).

Some EU Member States have closed their borders while others only allow border crossings in specific cases. To be specified on a case-by-case basis.

– Sanctions

Any violation of the prohibitions or obligations shall be punishable by a fine of EUR 135.In the event of a repeat offence within 15 days, the fine may range from 1,500 to 3,000 euros. If the violations are repeated more than three times within 30 days, the offences are punishable by six months’ imprisonment and a fine of EUR 3,750 and an additional penalty of community service.

Visa applications are suspended

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All visa applications (Schengen visas, short stay visas, long stay visas for France, visas for overseas territories) are suspended.

Visa applications already submitted and applications for which an appointment has already been made are also suspended.

Appointments will be postponed to a later date.

Press release Prefecture / residence documents

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Paris, March 16, 2020


In order to secure the presence on the territory of legal aliens, and to avoid any questioning of rights in a health context that does not allow prefectures to process their applications under normal conditions, the validity period of several residence documents will be extended.

In view of the health context linked to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, the reception of applicants for residence permits in prefectures is suspended until further notice.

In order to secure the presence on the territory of foreigners in a legal situation and to avoid any questioning of the rights conferred on them by the residence document they hold, in particular the right to work and the benefit of social rights, the validity of the following documents, which would expire on 16 March, will be extended by three months:

  • long-stay visas ;
  • residence permits of any kind, with the exception of special residence permits issued to foreign diplomatic and consular staff;
  • provisional residence permits;
  • asylum application certificates;
  • receipts for applications for residence permits.

This measure is applicable on national territory.

Foreign nationals holding an expired permit benefiting from this extension are advised not to leave French territory, as they may encounter difficulties in re-entering French territory.

Stakeholder Dialogue #EURAXESS

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In Brussels on 22 October, access FnAK was invited to present ALFRED®, its Alumni and Foreign REsearchers Directory, as part of a dialogue with EURAXESS stakeholders. It was a great opportunity to share this good practice with the national Bridgeheads Organisations of the European network.

See attached programme and PowerPoint presentation.

FnAK’s Annual Report 2018

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The FnAK 2018 annual report can be downloaded here. (French)

Today’s young researchers belong to generation Y (or millennial). They were born between 1980 and 2000 and possess qualities that predispose them to research careers: access to information is child’s play for them, they have team spirit, are well educated, motivated and enterprising, as long as the pressure of work can be combined with their many external interests.

In a context where mobility and research stays play an increasingly important role in the lives of researchers, the level of their research team and their professional success will increasingly depend on their participation in large-scale projects. For host institutions, this means valuing their best researchers and their participation in high-level projects, initiating future-oriented research areas, being open to new disciplines and promoting new forms of publication.

Institutional membership and physical presence will lose their importance, to the benefit of job security, equality and independence in the research system. To make an institution more attractive, the resources allocated will of course be decisive. Those who can adopt this new approach will be in the best position to attract the best international talent.

In terms of supporting the scientific career, this paradigm shift is fortunately well understood on both sides of the Atlantic. This is also true for those who belong to the lost generation of scientists, the majority, who will not get a permanent position in research.

However, careers outside academia are just as valuable, and those who supervise doctoral and post-doctoral students must provide them with an exit plan and take responsibility for preparing them to non-academic careers. It is therefore essential for institutions to have data on the number of university jobs available at each level and to indicate a perspective to each departing scientist.

What may indeed seem like a loss for the academic world can still prove to be an enormous gain for society… Thus the surveys carried out in France with doctoral schools on the professional future of doctors (employability, training) must be completed by an approach that favours career development, the attractiveness of the European Research Area and the development of researchers.

There is a real interest in linking the two approaches and developing their complementarity: from thesis preparation to post-doctoral work or even beyond, then from employability to career development and support.

FnAK Observatory 2018 – Les Chercheurs Alumni

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La découverte des chercheurs alumni

En 2015, l’Allemagne lançait la marque  Research in Germany – Land of ideas pour attirer les meilleurs chercheurs internationaux et créer des liens durables avec eux[1].  Cette initiative n’aurait pas été possible sans l’impulsion de Georg Schütte, recruté par le ministère fédéral de l’Éducation et de la Recherche lorsqu’il était secrétaire général de la Fondation Humboldt.  Cette initiative est même l’aboutissement d’une coopération de longue date, ce que résume parfaitement un magazine consacré à la découverte des chercheurs alumni[2].

Presque impensable il y a à peine 20 ans, cette innovation découle évidemment de la très forte contribution des alumni au fonctionnement des universités, démontrée par les Etats-Unis : les chercheurs alumni sont des ambassadeurs de la recherche allemande, un groupe cible distinct à fidéliser.  Pour les deux publics – alumni et chercheurs alumni -, le travail commence dès l’arrivée dans l’établissement.  Il exige des universités qu’elles se développent à la fois en tant que prestataires de formations et de services : c’est là que qu’elles doivent d’abord établir la relation de confiance, avant de pouvoir leur demander de l’aide.

A la différence toutefois des étudiants, sensibles au lien émotionnel ou à la nostalgie envers leur alma mater, les chercheurs alumni attachent davantage d’importance aux avantages clairs apportés à leur travail quotidien avant de rejoindre un réseau alumni.  Pour être attractif auprès d’eux, un agenda haut de gamme  doit leur être proposé, axé sur la recherche et adapté à leurs besoins et intérêts professionnels spécifiques.

Par conséquent, les chercheurs alumni seraient des ambassadeurs idéaux de la France.  A l’issue de leur séjour, à condition naturellement qu’ils aient bénéficié des meilleures conditions d’accueil, leur exposition à l’excellence de notre recherche et leur expérience directe de notre pays leur permet de communiquer leurs connaissances et impressions à un public international.

Ils sont mieux informés et plus authentiques lorsqu’il s’agit de la recherche française et de la promotion de la France comme centre international de recherche de premier plan.  Les relations avec eux sont bien plus spécifiques, car ils peuvent appuyer l’internationalisation de leur université d’accueil qui, quant à elles, peut affiner son profil international et améliorer son positionnement dans la guerre mondiale pour les talents.

Pour les universités, l’investissement est clairement rentable.  Les chercheurs alumni sont en quelque sorte leur visage dans le monde.  Ils ont le pouvoir de rehausser la réputation nationale et internationale et peuvent :

  • apporter un soutien précieux en tant qu’enseignant ou mentor de l’établissement hôte;
  • aider à le positionner dans le monde entier comme un lieu attrayant d’apprentissage et de recherche ;
  • contribuer à optimiser l’enseignement et la recherche par leur critique constructive  et leurs connaissances ;
  • renforcer le réseau de l’université dans le monde des affaires, de la politique, de la science et de la recherche, élargissant et renforçant ainsi sa sphère d’influence ;
  • contribuer également à leurs propres réseaux, facilitant ainsi les contacts avec les donateurs potentiels, les sponsors et les partenaires de collaboration.

La clé pour les alumni est ce sentiment gagnant-gagnant.  La qualité et l’orientation professionnelle d’un réseau sont des facteurs essentiels pour que les chercheurs alumni se joignent à un réseau et s’y sentent fidèles.  Surtout à un moment où l’adhésion à de multiples réseaux alumni est la norme.

Pourtant, alors que presque toutes les universités allemandes impliquées attachent une grande importance au soutien aux chercheurs invités internationaux, les activités entreprises avant et après le séjour de recherche sont rarement ancrées dans les politiques universitaires à un niveau stratégiques.  Les services des relations internationales ou des ressources humaines, généralement chargés de soutenir les chercheurs invités pendant leur séjour à l’université, sont rarement acteurs de la gestion des relations post-visites, bien qu’ils coopèrent fréquemment avec les bureaux alumni.

En France, c’est la même situation qui prévaut.  Or, Ce qui est particulièrement important pour les publics en mobilité au cours de ces phases de leur vie et de leur carrière, ce sont précisément les liens qu’espèrent établir les universités avec eux pour pouvoir développer des relations réciproques.  Autrement dit, la méthode d’accompagnement du cycle de vie des chercheurs alumni, développée Outre-Rhin par la Fondation Humboldt (AvH), paraît applicable en France suivant 5 phases :

Les explorateurs

C’est le séjour en France, les premiers succès dans la recherche, l’immersion dans un groupe de travail ou une institution en France, l’apprentissage du français et des défis liés à la mobilité internationale, les contacts professionnels, connaissances, amitiés et expériences qui marquent une vie, bref : la formation de liens avec la France.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est le temps de l’accueil des chercheurs et de leurs familles via son Centre EURAXESS pour toutes les questions liées à l’arrivée et au séjour, crucial pour l’établissement de liens professionnels et affectifs et l’enregistrement des données personnelles conformément au RGPD[3].

Les fonceurs

C’est le retour dans le pays d’origine ou le séjour dans un autre pays, l’emploi dans un premier poste, la planification des prochaines étapes de la carrière, l’établissement d’un profil académique propre, le retour dans les réseaux locaux, de nouvelles visites à l’étranger, les projets de recherche avec un plus grand nombre de partenaires et le maintien des relations avec la France.

C’est le temps des premières expériences d’orientation d’autres chercheurs envisageant un séjour de recherche en France, de l’exploitation d’un réseau dans un autre pays pour faire avancer sa propre carrière scientifique, l’utilisation de contacts en France pour les aspects personnels de son propre travail scientifique.

Pour l’institution d’accueil c’est le temps de l’information des chercheurs alumni sur les développements, les activités et les ressources intéressantes de l’institution en France.  Ce sont les contacts avec d’autres alumni de l’établissement dans l’actuel pays de résidence du chercheur alumni.

Les réseauteurs

C’est un poste permanent à l’étranger en tant que chercheur expérimenté, l’installation et la reconnaissance dans le domaine d’expertise, la préparation à une promotion, un nouveau séjour de recherche à l’étranger, en France ou ailleurs.

C’est le temps de l’expérience dans l’obtention de financements, du développement de sa propre équipe et de l’élargissement des contacts académiques dans le pays et à l’étranger, du renforcement de l’exploitation des réseaux en France pour sa propre recherche académique et pour inciter les jeunes chercheurs à y faire de la recherche.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est celui d’offrir un nouveau séjour de recherche en France, de l’intégration des chercheurs alumni en tant que conférenciers, le soutien de la coopération à long terme entre établissements d’accueil et d’origine, etc.

Les façonneurs

C’est l’emploi à l’étranger à un poste de direction dans un établissement de recherche, la réputation grâce à un domaine d’expertise plus large, la direction d’équipes, un rôle accru en tant que manager.  Ce sont les grands projets de recherche, y compris ceux auxquels participent plusieurs pays.

C’est le temps de la compréhension approfondie des réseaux et de la façon de les activer efficacement, de l’intérêt à poursuivre le mentorat de ses protégés et à les placer dans le système académique, de l’importance des contacts internationaux pour sa propre réputation et position en tant que conseiller de l’établissement d’origine pour les questions liées à l’internationalisation. Pour l’alma mater, c’est aussi celui de leur conférer un rôle d’ambassadeur de la culture et de la science française auprès des représentants de la communauté scientifique du pays d’origine et d’autres acteurs importants de la société.

Les mentors

C’est la forte réputation au sein d’une discipline académique, la fin des tâches d’enseignement et d’administration, plus de temps pour la recherche, un rôle assumé de conseiller stratégique.

C’est le temps de l’activation systématique des réseaux pour des intérêts de recherche spécifiques, de l’intérêt accru pour la transmission d’expériences et le giving back.

Pour l’alma mater, c’est enfin l’intégration des chercheurs alumni en tant que représentants, par exemple lors de congrès à l’étranger, et leur intégration en tant que conseiller sur les questions d’internationalisation à un niveau stratégique élevé.

En définitive, selon l’AvH, une initiative chercheurs alumni repose sur 3 piliers : construire les structures nécessaires, utiliser les chercheurs alumni pour des responsabilités stratégiques et offrir des services liés à la science à ce groupe particulier d’anciens.

Le futur des chercheurs alumni

L’excellence attire l’excellence.  C’est ce que réaffirme la Fondation Humboldt dans une nouvelle publication parue en 2018[4].  Une culture de l’accueil alliée à Un haut degré de professionnalisme sont essentiels pour lier les scientifiques et chercheurs de haut niveau.  Il est nécessaire d’atteindre à la fois la tête et le cœur pour obtenir fidélité et liens durables.  Si la communication numérique deviendra sans doute plus facile et simplifiée avec le temps, les obstacles à surmonter en termes de distance physique pourraient bien augmenter.  Les voyages pourraient devenir plus coûteux et les environnements géopolitiques pourraient bien limiter les activités transfrontalières.

La taille de l’université joue un rôle important, les grandes pouvant mieux utiliser le potentiel des chercheurs alumni lorsqu’il s’agit de solliciter leurs conseils en matière d’internationalisation.  Le contact personnel entre ces derniers et leurs anciens établissements d’accueil demeure un aspect essentiel du travail.  Les bourses de réinvitation sont extrêmement populaires, de même que les conférences spécialisées ou les événements réservés aux chercheurs alumni. 

Le thème du développement (international) de la carrière est essentiel pour nombre d’entre eux, en particulier en début de carrière. C’est pourquoi il convient d’offrir des événements de réseautage autour de ce sujet.  Dans l’ensemble, on peut dire que les projets universitaires ne seront efficaces que s’ils apportent une valeur ajoutée et des avantages clairs. 

Les réseaux sociaux recèlent un énorme potentiel pour forger des liens avec les chercheurs alumni de la génération Y (ou millennials).  Avec leurs attentes numériques et Web (LinkedIn, Research Gate,, leurs connaissances et leurs besoins, ils vont changer profondément la sphère des relations avec les alumni.  Alors que les générations précédentes distinguaient vie professionnelle et vie privée, la génération Y brouille les frontières entre ces deux mondes.  La communication avec les médias sociaux doit tenir compte de ces tendances et répondre à l’évolution des habitudes des futurs chercheurs alumni appartenant à la génération Y.  Ceux qui gèrent les chercheurs alumni doivent penser l’évolution de la structure et de la fonctionnalité des réseaux en ligne existants.

Il s’agit donc aussi de profiter de cette opportunité en partageant le contenu de son site Web via les réseaux sociaux, d’y rechercher ses influenceurs, d’y être authentique.

Se projeter dans l’avenir grâce aux chercheurs alumni peut alors se dérouler en 4 étapes :

  • élaborer une stratégie dédiée ;
  • Créer et développer l’organisation pour le travail chercheurs alumni ;
  • Personnaliser le dispositif en fonction de leurs attentes ;
  • Utiliser le potentiel des chercheurs alumni et les impliquer dans les activités stratégiques de l’établissement.

Avec les changements fondamentaux qui se profilent à l’horizon, comment être attractif pour les chercheurs de demain ?  La numérisation du monde, les superordinateurs et le big data nous ont fait basculer dans le quatrième paradigme : la science pilotée par les données.  On s’attend à des effets particulièrement spectaculaires dans les sciences humaines et les arts.

Les frontières entre les domaines de recherche et les disciplines s’estompentIl n’y aura pas de limites aux possibilités de collaboration entre les diverses disciplines de recherche et une véritable explosion d’approches et de projets multidisciplinaires est sur le point de se produire.  La séparation entre les sciences humaines et les sciences dites naturelles est en passe d’être abandonnée au profit d’une approche plus large et universelle fondée sur la science.

À l’avenir, les étudiants devront aussi étudier à plusieurs endroits, ceci dès le début de leurs études.  Le marché du travail montre en effet que les personnes qui restent mobiles atteignent leurs objectifs professionnels plus rapidement : cela vaut aussi pour les carrières scientifiques.

La présence physique aux méga-conférences va ainsi diminuer en faveur de la participation en ligne.  Malgré cela, les jeunes chercheurs accordent beaucoup plus d’importance que les générations précédentes à une vie privée et à une autonomie équilibrée. Cela ne signifie pas qu’ils travailleront moins, au contraire : à l’avenir, les universités auront à offrir des mesures de soutien adaptées si elles veulent recruter et retenir les bons chercheurs.

Le contact personnel gardera toute son importance.  Avec le nombre croissant d’excellents centres de recherche dans le monde, la concurrence pour les idées et pour la publication va s’intensifier, mais l’intensité des collaborations comptera plus que leur nombre.

Il y a enfin l’abandon du processus traditionnel de publication dans des revues à comité de lecture au profit de la publication en libre accès.  Dans ce contexte, les nouvelles générations sont encore plus axées sur l’esprit d’équipe.  Les jeunes scientifiques d’aujourd’hui ont grandi avec les réseaux sociaux, sont optimistes, indépendants, idealistes, ouverts à l’activité entrepreneuriale, mais les hiérarchies ne sont pas leur truc.  Ils accordent de l’importance à la sécurité d’emploi, préférant un emploi à la création d’entreprise.  Ils s’identifient davantage à leur équipe qu’à leur institution.  Le statut d’alumni ne reposera plus seulement sur la présence physique, mais sera peut-être l’expression d’une multitude de contacts et de liens.




[4] RGPD : Règlement Général sur la protection des données de l’Union européenne, nᵒ 2016/679, texte de référence en matière de protection des données à caractère personnel. Il renforce et unifie cette protection pour les individus au sein de l’UE.